Number of 1 Bits

Updated: Mar 25, 2021

Write a function that takes an unsigned integer and returns the number of '1' bits it has (also known as the Hamming weight).


  • Note that in some languages such as Java, there is no unsigned integer type. In this case, the input will be given as a signed integer type. It should not affect your implementation, as the integer's internal binary representation is the same, whether it is signed or unsigned.

  • In Java, the compiler represents the signed integers using 2's complement notation. Therefore, in Example 3 above, the input represents the signed integer. -3.

Follow up: If this function is called many times, how would you optimize it?

Example 1:

Input: n = 00000000000000000000000000001011
Output: 3
Explanation: The input binary string 00000000000000000000000000001011 has a total of three '1' bits.

Example 2:

Input: n = 00000000000000000000000010000000
Output: 1
Explanation: The input binary string 00000000000000000000000010000000 has a total of one '1' bit.

Example 3:

Input: n = 11111111111111111111111111111101
Output: 31
Explanation: The input binary string 11111111111111111111111111111101 has a total of thirty one '1' bits.


  • The input must be a binary string of length 32


public class Solution {
    public int hammingWeight(int n) {
        int ans=0;
        return ans;

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